Brewing coffee and tea boils down to mixing grinds or leaves with water — either hot or cold will do — and then waiting. For centuries brewing did not get much more complicated than that.
Inevitably, other methods addressed taste, speed and convenience. In 19th-century Italy, the invention of a machine that forces hot water through finely ground coffee was a milestone. Today, in addition to semi-automatic espresso machines that reward a practiced hand, super-a